Chiropractors treat problems with your joints, bones and muscles, and the effects they have on your nervous system. Working on all the joints of your body, concentrating particularly on the spine, they use their hands to make gentle, specific adjustments (the chiropractic word for manipulation) to improve the efficiency of your nervous system and release your body’s natural healing ability. Chiropractic does not involve the use of any drugs or surgery.
The problems that chiropractors see are usually based on the principle that the joints and muscles are not working effectively, this is frequently due to them being inflamed. This can occur from injuring the joint like a sprain-strain injury or from wear and tear. The muscles then contract to protect the joint causing the muscle spasm often associated with back and neck pain.
By manipulating the joints and relaxing the muscles the function of the joints can return and the pain can be relieved.
The pain may be felt over the problem area or it can be referred to other areas, for example low back pain can cause pain down the leg and/or into the groin, and into other joints such as the knee or ankle.